Start with overhead microphones and place other microphones around it.
- Dynamic: Used on snare, bass drum and sometimes the toms. Good for mid-range and most are cardioid (reject sound from behind).
- Condenser: Require phantom power, more sensitive.
- Bass Drum: Inside miked means there is isolation, weight and definition. Using an out-of-phase mic in front will capture an ambient sound.
- X/Y Overhead Miking: Two mics placed directly above the kit, this creates a stereo image.
- Spaced Pair Overhead Miking: Place further apart and be careful with phase problems. It captures a wider stereo image.
- Snare Miking: Place mic at the top and pointed towards the centre. Not too close.
- Tom Miking: Lower the mic for a more defined sound. Use dynamic or small condensers.
- Hi-Hat Miking: Place a small condenser 2-3” away. Do not place mic near the air gap.
- Below Snare Miking: Phase reverse to avoid problems with above snare mic.
- Room Miking: Natural ambience. Place large condenser in front, omnidirectional for the sound of the whole room.