Drum Miking 

Start with overhead microphones and place other microphones around it.

  • Dynamic: Used on snare, bass drum and sometimes the toms. Good for mid-range and most are cardioid (reject sound from behind).
  • Condenser: Require phantom power, more sensitive.
  • Bass Drum: Inside miked means there is isolation, weight and definition. Using an out-of-phase mic in front will capture an ambient sound.
  • X/Y Overhead Miking: Two mics placed directly above the kit, this creates a stereo image.
  • Spaced Pair Overhead Miking: Place further apart and be careful with phase problems. It captures a wider stereo image.
  • Snare Miking: Place mic at the top and pointed towards the centre. Not too close.
  • Tom Miking: Lower the mic for a more defined sound. Use dynamic or small condensers.
  • Hi-Hat Miking: Place a small condenser 2-3” away. Do not place mic near the air gap.
  • Below Snare Miking: Phase reverse to avoid problems with above snare mic.
  • Room Miking: Natural ambience. Place large condenser in front, omnidirectional for the sound of the whole room.

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